Solomon Islands' Drought Response PlanSolomon Islands Drought Response Plan

Project: To develop the National Drought Plan for Solomon Island.

Client:  World Meteorological Organizations (WMO)
Participants:   Solomon Islands Meteorological and Hydrological Service, Ministry of Health – Sanitation and Hygiene program, Representative from the Agriculture and Livestock Sector, National Disaster Management Office, Environment, Climate Change Department, Water Authority,  Red Cross, Other NGO’s, Representative from the Lord Howe Community Settlement, World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Secretariat of the Pacific Environment Programme, Ministry of Women,
Timeframe: 2016-2017 (with 2 workshop held respectively from 5th – 9th September 2016, and  on 9th -10th November 2017)

What the project involved:

The Solomon Island government tasked Pacific Science Solutions with running a workshop aimed at getting all the major drought stakeholders together to discuss issues crucial to how the Solomon Islands handles drought conditions.

By the end of this workshop, the delegates’ feedback is to be incorporated into a single, all-encompassing drought response plan aimed which would provide guidance as to how the Solomon Islands would handles various climate-related issues in the event of a drought.

Janita Pahalad and Amanda Amjadali with Robert Stefanski Chief Agricultural Meteorologist from the WMO had travel to the Solomon Islands conduct a workshop where stakeholders shared their experiences with drought (i.e. impacts, monitoring methods, preparedness and response) and discussed key policies and existing disaster management and communication frameworks already in place.

National Drought Plan:

The Drought plan was developed to cater to the specific stakeholder needs and governmental structure of the country and also aligned itself to international and regional bodies and national, frameworks and strategies such as the UN Frameworks – WMO/GWP Integrated Drought Management Programmes, SDP, the Sendai FDRR, Paris Agreement on Climate Change, FRDP 2017-2030, SAMOA[1] Pathway, Pacific Island Meteorological Strategy (PIMS) 2017-2026, Pacific Roadmap for Strengthened Climate Services (PRSCS) 2017-2026 and including the Solomon Island National Disaster Management Plan 2017 (SINDMP), Solomon National Development Strategy 2016-2035, Solomon Islands Climate Change Policy 2012 -2017, Ministry of Environment, Climate Change, Disaster management and Meteorology Corporate Plan 2015-2017.

The drought management plans considered two important factors that is the drought monitoring and the early warning system. To facilitate a drought monitoring and early warning system for the Solomon Islands the following methodology is proposed. The system is based on a combination of ENSO outlooks (national level) and rainfall deficit recorded at seven long-term climate stations (sub-national level). Both sub-systems should run in parallel. The sub-national rainfall deficit system will be useful for monitoring or predicting droughts at the provincial level even during neutral phases and peace time.

Through the workshop and consultation, a Drought Task Team was proposed and in the Drought management plan roles and responsibilities are aligned to the three key pillars.

The final version of the National Drought Plan was completed by 26th November 2017.

[1] Small Island Developing States (SIDS) Accelerated Modalities Of Action