Project: A WMO – Green Climate Fund (GCF) project proposal on Enhancing Early Warning Systems to build greater resilience to hydro meteorological hazards in the Pacific Small island Developing States (Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Timor Leste and Vanuatu)

Client:  World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

Participants: Governments of Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste and Vanuatu (NMSs, NHSs, National Disaster Management Offices (NDMOs), National Civil Protection and Emergency Response Agencies, provincial governments, local councils, authorities and communities), media, private sector, Civil Society Organizations/Non-Governmental Organizations (CSOs/NGOs); social, economic and infrastructure sectors, and academia. Including the regional organization; Bureau of Meteorology, Australia, SPREP, CSIRO and NIWA.

Timeframe: October 2017 – July 2018

What the project involved:
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) hired PacSciSol to work on developing a Green Climate Fund (GCF) funding proposal covering the following five countries: Fiji, the Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu.

PSS’s Managing Director Janita Pahalad was nominated by WMO and was the lead international consultant on the project which had resulted in the delivery of the funding proposals for “Enhancing Early Warning Systems to Build Greater Resilience To Hydrometeorological Hazards In The Pacific Small Island Developing States.” This funding proposal will cover the following five countries: Fiji, the Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu and will be informed by information provided by national consultants within each of these countries, and international consultants for advocacy, economics and gender.

PSS’s Director Amanda Amjadali was nominated by Fiji’s government to be their national consultant. She was tasked with assessing the early-warning systems in Fiji and writing a feasibility study on how these systems can be enhanced and supported moving forward.

This project involved working closely with the WMO, Fiji’s Meteorological Service and the national designated authority for the GCF (the permanent secretary in the Ministry of Finance). It has also involved interviewing relevant stakeholders including the National Disaster Mitigation Office, Fiji Red Cross, Fiji’s national fire authority and The Fiji School for the Blind.

Overall, the feasibility study included a comprehensive list of proposed activities for each country and a climate rationale, outlining the scientific underpinning for evidence-based climate action decision-making, and a theory of change for all activities.

The project also involved several national stakeholder engagements within the five listed countries, a 2 days preparation induction workshop that was held in Fiji, Gender assessment, Economic Assessment with a funding proposal.

The Project

PSS consultants reviewed the national policies for meteorology, climate change and disaster risk reduction for Vanuatu, PNG, Fiji, Solomon Islands and Timor Leste.

The Project aims markedly and sustainably enhance the Early Warning Systems (EWSs) in the Pacific SIDS to an unprecedented level, thereby contributing to building greater resilience to hydro-meteorological hazards in the region. The scope of the hazards for which EWSs will be created for or enhanced is severe weather – including tropical cyclones, floods, and drought.

Key services and products that will be generated by this project including the provision of risk information products for communities at risk and will benefit a wide range of public agencies, private entities including transport, tourism, water system, insurances and the public.

Outcome:  PSS delivered a Funding proposal for “Enhancing Early Warning Systems to Build Greater Resilience to Hydrometeorological Hazards in The Pacific Small Island Developing States with an Economic Analyses, Gender Analyses, Operation, Maintenance and Monitoring Plan and Environmental & Social Impact Assessments including a Climate Rationale for the five target countries.


The project had a Preparatory Induction Workshop that was held in 2 days at the Tanoa Skylodge Hotel in Nadi, Fiji on October 2017. The workshop was attended by the Permanent Representatives and Directors of NMHSs of the 5 participating countries, the National Designated Authority, the consultants involved in the project preparations work as well as the key development partners (PIFS, SPC, SPREP, BoM, NIWA)

Fiji Consultant Amanda Amjadali had met the representatives from both Fiji government departments and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) between October 2017 and January 2018 where in-country consultations were undertaken.

In finalizing the Funding proposals Janita and Amanda had another in-country visit with the team from WMO Ms. Leontine Kanziemo and Mr Henry Taiki in March of 2018 travelling to the Solomon Island, Papua New Guinea and Timor-Leste.